Common Causes Of blocked drain In South Africa
Here are the most common causes of blocked drains:
Tree roots are the most stubborn cause of clogged sewer drains especially in wooded areas.
The roots can find their way into the drainage piping systems.
Normally, specialists are required to clean a drain clogged by roots, as they employ drain machines.
Roots trap tissues and other objects within the drainage system and this results in blockages
Tissues and Wipes
Some washable bathroom wipes can also result in drain blockages
Only biodegradable matter is easily processed by plumbing waste systems, so any type of harder tissue or paper may have a negative impact on the system. Tampons and sanitary pads are often found in the drainage systems and this is not supposed to be so. Some residents flush tampon in the toilet and this is not recommended
Other Commonly Ignored Causes Of Blocked Drain
Fat, oil and grease
These are common causes especially for sink drains. Fat from various oils are not welcome as they are sticky and tend to solidify and accumulate and trap other matter. Examples are bacon grease and fatty foods
Hair & Toiletry
Loose air can find its way on the pipes and accumulate on bends, causing blockages particularly in basins and showers. Pieces of bar soap can also potentially block a toilet
It is important to have regular maintenance of the plumbing system to address matters before hand, be it blocked drains or leakages.
Poor plumbing workmanship
Poor plumbing such as a piping system that does not slope well can cause blockages.Usually the pipe will bend at a point alone the system due to the weight of water and debris stuck at a single place.
Things to avoid in the drainage system
Meat, skin and bones
Home Drain Cleaning Methods
Using a bent wire hanger to poke the debris can be very effective and hassle free solution.
It can get rid of hairs and other unwelcome material by way of hooking them and pulling out.
Pouring boiling water helps with clearing greasy substances by melting them away. However, the disadvantage is that the debris might cool off further away and solidify again, posing another threat for a blockage.
Remove, clean pipe and replace
This is applicable for sinks and basins. The S-trap (at the bottom of sink) is detachable and can be removed by unfastening screws at the top end and bottom end of it. Ensure there is dish or bucket to collect water that will spill as you remove. Sink blockages can at times be found within this S-trap, so cleaning it off may help.
Drain cleaning methods using drainage tools
Drain rods are useful and some may keep rods at the house for times like these. Rods are a home accessory useful for cleaning drains.
Other useful tools are most likely to be kept by professional drain cleaners. Tools such as drain snake, drain machine and the like are useful drain tools for cleaning
A plunger is one tool most ignored by home owners. Also, one needs to appreciate that a plunger works with pressure, hence there is need to ensure enough water in the system. Some may give up due to the fact that they do not use enough water.
Salt and baking soda
Kitchen ingredients readily available in homes. Mixing half a cup of table salt with half a cup of baking soda and pouring it down the blocked drain.
After about 10-20 minutes, pour boiling water down. This can be simple solution that even mothers can employ at home without touching any dirt.
Drain unblocking tools: Drain Snakes
A drain snake is a coiled cable that works well in small drains of 25mm up to 50mm. The pipes can either be PVC or galvanized.
Typically, they can be useful in unblocking sink drains, basin drains and tubs. Plumbers spin insert and spin the cable to create torque in the piping. As the cable moves along the pipe and winds up, it clears debris in the drainage pipe.
A drain snake can be manual or automatic. The automatic is spun by a power tool, connected to electricity
Simple and yet effective tool. The plunger uses pressure to push away debris blocking the drain.
Mostly used for toilets, showers as well sink and bath drains.
They come in different variations such as T handle type.
Manual drain unblocking Tools: Drain rods
A manually operated system of connected drain rods is very useful for unclogging sewer drains.
Drain rods come in different thickness, the thinner ones are able to negotiate bends easily. The thinner rods, however are not as strong in pushing blockages away. Conversely, thicker rods tend to force debris away and break them down although they do not negotiate bends easily
Rods have various other attachments that can be useful for a variety of situations. For pushing away material, professional drain surgeons attach a plunger at the front end. The plunger is a circular rubber that fits tightly on the circumference of the pipes, increasing pressure by trapping all air inside. Most warehouses in South Africa supply drain rods
A worm, or double worm can also be attached in front. This one is most useful in tearing down and breaking down debris. By turning the rods, the worm cuts the debris, such as roots and other foreign objects in the drainage pipes. A hooked end can also be used for the same effect
The drain machine comes with a coiled cable that is similar to the snake, but much thicker and is powered by electricity. Similar to drain rods, the ends of a drain machine can have special attachments to it for effect, such as a cutter, a worm or even a plunger. The drain machine is a very powerful drain cleaning tool, able to cut off roots and clear stubborn drain blockages.
Common Geyser Insurance Cover in South Africa
Most insurances cover damages that are a result of one of the following
Continuous deterioration over time
Wear and tear of geyser parts
Cracking, splitting, faulty materials and workmanship or hidden defects.
Theoretically, geysers should not corrode as they have a glazing layer inside. However, practically speaking there are sufficient conditions that may compromise the protective layer. A further inclusion of the sacrificial anode in the design of the geyser helps in solving the corrosion that may result. This means that, eventually anode replacement has to take place, as the anode gets finished in the process as it is “scarified” to cover the exposed glazed surfaces
Common geyser insurance cover includes
Geyser parts replacements
Resultant water damage
Full cover for loss or damage caused by burst or leaking geysers.
Some may include full cover for the resultant water damage to permanent fixtures and fittings such as walls, ceilings and fitted carpets
Common Geyser Insurance Cover: How Insurance Companies protect themselves against high claim rate
As insurance companies are in for profit, they will also have certain measures in place to protect themselves. These may include protection against poor workmanship, so a policy holder may need to have certain aspects looked into. These may include the pipework and general configuration of the geyser elements. Having a certificate of compliance makes this easy, as such a certificate can only be issued after thorough checks
A study of causes of geysers to burst helps insurers to minimize the volume of claims for geyser insurance cover
Proper geyser installation is the first steps to ensure long life of a geyser. Most insurance companies will require a certificate of Compliance as part of documents to submit on a replacement of geyser or geyser installation.
Such a practice also safe guards against the use of inappropriate plumbing piping and methods.
It further reduces water damage as it ensures that dip trays are in place, a full inspection of the system is done before a COC can be issued.
As such, some offer a maintenance plan in their packages that will enable early detection and resolve before it gets bad. The maintenance plan can be once in 2 or 3 years. Typically, such maintenance will mean a geyser installer will drain and clean geyser, as well as check the health of sacrificial anode and replace were necessary. Element and thermostat are also checked, and can be replaced if there is unwelcome built up of lime scale