Tripping electricity can be a nuisance especially if you cannot figure out the source of the problem. In such a situation the frustration of repeat breaker trips can leave you low moods. You may be confused as to whether the wiring is a problem or a particular gadget is causing it. This is one of the most common electrical faults that users experience.
In spite of the temporary unpleasant effect of a tripping circuit breaker, it is a good thing that the power actually trips. Circuit breaker trips are a good sign that your electrical system is in a safe state. The breaker works to protect your electric gadgets and prevent damage, overheating, and fires. This is why the power trips whenever there is overload or possible danger.
However, if you have power trips you still need to have a solution to resolve the issue and continue with life so to speak.
Electricians who repair electrical trips will often look at three main aspects of the system.
Causes of Tripping Electricity
The current in an electric system flows to meet the demands or the load in current use. If the current flow is too much, more than what the system can handle it becomes dangerous. This is known as an overloaded circuit. Wires can get too hot and melt, fires can start, and damage to gadgets can happen. Therefore, a safety device that monitors the amount of current is necessary.
This is where the circuit breaker comes into play. A circuit breaker is a pair of thermostat and switch. This safety device induces a power trip to cut off power supply when the current flow is higher than the rating of the system.
So, if you have main switch tripping issues you may also need to look at the overall load.
A short circuit is an abnormal connection between two nodes of an electric circuit intended to be at different voltages. When that happens, electricity leaks, looking for a path of lower resistance. Another common reference that electricians make relating to a short circuit is a situation where a live wire contacts a neutral wire.
This compromises the resistance of the system, and the result is more current flows in the system than that which is safe. Breakers pick the rise, and induce a trip.
A short circuit is dangerous as the alternative path of low resistance that the current may flow can include people or anything with low resistance.
A ground fault is a type of fault in which the unintentional pathway of the straying electrical current flows directly to the earth.
Residential electrical work is done on houses and complexes in relation to installation, repairs and maintenance. A home or domestic electrician does work such as to fit electric systems, and to maintain them, and to inspect. Home electricians are the ones to call for repair of house electrical systems as well as resolving electric appliance issues.
Such electrical job needs the electrician to inspect a system or an appliance and find the source of the issue. In some cases, the electric appliance could be the issue. Yet in other cases, there might be need to repair a faulty wiring system.
Companies that offer electrical services for houses often send out a number of workers to different homes at once. Therefore, a home electrician may be put in charge of many electricians to work under him or her.
Examples Of Electrical Work in The Residential Environment
Repair tripping electricity
Update electric systems to be in line with changes in national regulations.
Home electric scope includes interpreting technical drawings and electrical wiring diagrams.
As shown earlier, home electric scope covers items like to inspect and repair electric appliances.
Additionally, the repair of switches, lights, and wall sockets is also work that an electrician can perform in the home space.
Any other electrical maintenance work and repairs.
Furthermore, electricians working in homes repair distribution boards (BD boards), replace circuit breakers, and attend to power trips.
When it is necessary to do, a certificate of compliance may be issues for home electrical work done.
Remodelling contractors will often need electricians to rewire lines to suit the new changes.
Lights, both inside and outside, and boundary wall lights form part of the electrical scope at home.
It is not that hard to get the best electrical installers in Gauteng, if you follow a few simple steps. The benefits of taking your time in checking and verifying your options are too many to ignore.
First, you get fair rates from top electric installations and repairs service providers.
Then quality and safe work done in good time as expected.
Furthermore, for specific electric work, you get the certification that needs to be in place for such work.
SERVICES TO EXPECT FROM TOP ELECTRICAL INSTALLERS AND CONTRACTORS
Electricians put together electric gadgets and parts to make up a whole electric system. Additionally, electricians repair such systems as well as appliances that use up electricity. Looking for electrical installers might mean that you have to decide on either a specialist electrician or a general one. You may need to get one that focuses on a specific area if the work requires so.
Here is a list of a few services that are most common.
Indoor lighting and outdoor lighting.
Power outlets repairs.
House and office electric wiring
Electrical inspections and certifications
Choosing Your Number One Electrical Installation & Repairs Service Provider
It is much cheaper to include all your electrical needs on a single quote, so check all your needs and get them sorted at once.
Get several quotes to guide you to determine what a fair quote would look like.
Consider reviews and check within your social circles for references.
Select from a pool of local electricians.
Surveying and mapping is a field that brings together the gathering of land size information and the modelling of such information. Land Surveyors use the name geodesy for base surveys for large-scale mapping. Geodesy is the name of the science of taking measurements for large areas of land. This skill takes into account the actual shape of the earth. It does not assume a perfect sphere, but consider the real level changes of the earth.
In order to collect land information for 3D models and maps, surveying has to take place, using accurate references. In fact, project plans, designs, and models are only useful if there is a common reference. Users of surveying and mapping services require one of two things. Either to show land sizes, levels, conditions and other real world land aspects in the form of a virtual image or the opposite.
A virtual show of land can be in the form of a map, a 3D model or other computer aided designs (CAD).
Surveying makes use of start-of-the-art tools and machinery to come up with reliable and accurate sizes for mapping. Additionally, various geographic information systems can be made from land surveying data.
Aerial surveying is one of the methods in use to make maps to support reliable project plans and designs. Maps and surveys have wide use in industry. To do away with tedious work, aerial maps are in use. Mapping agencies take photos during flights. The flights are in strips which are pre determined.
Surveying and Mapping in Infrastructure Development
Surveying and mapping play a fundamental role to all civil engineering and roadway design work.
In construction and land development, the surveying function is to transfer design elements from CAD to the actual ground. Surveyors in engineering projects take both horizontal and vertical measurements in order to locate and mark up where objects should lie. Additionally, surveyors survey land to come up with contours to show how elevation and distance relate to each other on a piece of land.
An additional part of surveying measurement and mapping is in mining engineering. Surveying gives miners the direction of exploration for instance, as well measuring the volume of product. Normally, there is need for a monthly survey to give the amount of mineral produce. Surveying the mineral dumps will give accurate volume of mineral produce for the month.
Furthermore, building renovations that require excavation, makes use of maps showing sub surface utilities.
Summary of Surveys and Maps Process and Applications
Geodetic surveying – surveyors use geodetic science to come up with maps of large areas, which takes into account the real shape of the globe. The geodetic surveys do not assume a theoretical perfect sphere shape of the earth, but rather follows all variations of hills and valleys.
Geographic information systems, CAD drawings and modelling are products of surveying that are in use to manage construction projects, land use projects and other natural resource management tasks. Such data is useful in the management of engineering, mining, and land use fields.
Accurate maps showing boundaries, oceans, natural and man-made resources with a base reference are tools for national land administration.
A Land surveyor is a pro in accurate sizing for maps, marking out points and corners in construction. Surveyors also mark out corners for legal boundaries. Surveyors make use of high accuracy machines in their work. Common tools in use in the land surveying field include total stations, GPS, levels as well as drones.
Land surveyors deal with sizes of land, land surface patterns, and parts of buildings in various forms.
In the civil and built engineering, land surveyors direct and lead site works in terms of managing positions and levels of parts of the building.
Every aspect of size on a drawing or design should appear on the ground as it is on the design. Therefore, surveyors manage the transfer of info from the drawing to the ground.
Examples of surveyor’s roles in engineering projects include setting out surveys and as-built surveys. Such projects can be bridge construction, railways, roads, dams, power stations, shopping malls and more.
Land survey consultants often appoint land surveyors to specific projects in order for daily works to be done effectively.
Land Surveyor: The Legal Responsibilities in Property Boundaries
Property boundary division is a job that cannot be done by anyone except a land surveyor who is in the register of surveyor general to perform such work.
First, the surveyors take accurate sizing on the property for sub-divisions or corner marking. Additionally, surveyors also combine two or more pieces of land into one legal document. Then the surveyor uses the data to plot a diagram and lodge it at the Surveyor General’s Office for approval. This diagram, a surveyor general diagram (SG diagram), is the one to register and attach onto title deeds.
When you a buy a piece of land, the rights of ownership is shown in the form of a title deed. A surveyor prepares such a diagram to shows legal corners of a piece of land. On that diagram, data such as the shape of the land, the outline corners and length of the sides are shown.
Additionally, surveyors also play a role in country boundaries disputes as they measure and record such data. Moreover, in national and regional mapping projects land surveyors are at the start of the process.
Surveyor engineer works mainly on civil engineering projects to review plans and identify potential problems on designs. Additionally, engineering surveyors guide site works in accurately setting out positions of structures. Various engineering disciplines depend on engineering surveys the physical marking of design drawings on the ground. Take for instance the case of an engineer who design a civil structure to sustain a particular minimum load. Such a design will consider has to be accurate in terms of distance of positions of supports and footings. This ensures that building maintains strength and integrity. This is where a surveyor engineer comes in.
Furthermore, a site surveyor will not only ensure that the horizontal position is accurate, but will manage alignment and proper elevations as the site works continue.
Typically, projects that needs engineering surveying services are in construction and building. Examples are projects like roads, freeways, railways, bridges, tunnels and other large structures.
The engineering surveyor’s work begins in the feasibility study phase to furnish designers with spatial data for designs. The work continues as project is under construction, up to the final as built surveys when project completes. A surveying engineer may also be called a construction surveyor.
Engineering Surveyors in the Planning Stages
Surveyors take precise measurements of land and collects data on elevations and positions. Special attention is given to natural as well as man-made features, their sizes and shape. This information provides engineers the specific detail they require in order to draw up designs. Architects, civil engineers and town planners require such information, usually presented in the form of a topographical maps.
A designer needs specific land information such as natural terrain for the design of drainage systems, roads and other community services.
Demands of the Surveying Profession
Surveyors spend a lot of time working outdoors on various sites taking measurements. Therefore, a surveyor should be a person who enjoys working outdoors.
Surveying is a discipline required on site by various other fields, so a surveyor should be able to work well and communicate with others.
Site surveyors analyse design drawings and interpret them so as to calculate coordinates and elevations for setting out and site markings. Therefore, a good command of Maths is necessary. Additionally, sound maths background helps surveyors to work independently. Surveyors make decisions and judgements that has a systematic approach, usually with a maths root.
Like any engineering profession, a good understanding of computer aided design software is necessary. Engineering software enables services faster delivery and more professional data formats.
A survey engineer may work as a freelance, getting hired as and when the need arises, or can get full time employment. Employment prospects are found in areas such as engineering consulting companies and surveying companies. A wider opportunity also is in mining companies, government departments, and other construction firms.
Planning and surveying activities have a common overlap in the overall regional and national development projects.
Areas of interest include transportation systems, rural development and community projects, recreation facilities development and allocation. Other areas are environmental planning and conservation, and urban development.
As planners allocate land for various purposes, they need surveying function to assist and guide the process of subdivisions applications, land ownership and dimensional records as well as the overall topography of a region of interest.
Surveying of land is the beginning of town planning process. The surveyor collets land and surface data in form of sizes and elevations and prepares maps according to the desired purpose. Maps showing the terrain of parcels of land and maps for towns and municipalities are a product of survey activities.
A topographic surveyor is responsible for such surveys that produce maps of terrains, contours, natural and man-made features. An engineering surveyor can also do such surveys and produce similar maps. However, engineering surveyors tend to focus more on the construction phase of the work. On the other hand, a cadastral surveyor will focus more on the demarcation of property and land ownership, as well as the legal aspect of land ownership.
There is also underground services management considerations.
Town Planning and Surveying in Built-Up Areas
The surveyor will revise maps as new developments come in. Additionally, town planners and surveyors work to guide developmental activities to maintain safety in execution. For instance, projects that require massive excavation should consider existing underground utilities. The surveyor guides such an operation to ensure no live services are damaged.
In summary, mapping of resources, grading, drainage and utilities management is a product of surveyor – planner relationship.
Underground utilities determination is a very important aspect of developments in already built-up areas.
Proper town planning calls for an interdisciplinary approach in handling common resources and utilities, and goes further than the surveyor – planner relationship.
Planners need develop systems that require accuracy of land information, a role which surveyors fill in. The surveyor and planner work together in developing three-dimensional modelling and proposals.
Recent developments in technology in laser technology helps surveying and planning processes in terms of spatial project management.
Beauty salons deal with body and skin health, improvements in appearance of face and body skin. Classes of beauty treatment include facials treatments, fingernail treatments, toenail, and foot treatments as well as facial skin treatments. Hair treatment is another common service offered at beauty salons.
Facials – a common service to find at a beauty parlor, facials come in many forms such as anti-aging and hydration treatments. They improve skin moisturizing and deal face wrinkles that come with age. Another aspect of facial skin improvement is scarring and pigmentation of the skin.
Nails – While there are beauty parlors offering all in one service, you also get specialist services. Nail spas offer specialist pedicure services and manicure services. Here, toenails, fingernails and feet get special attention. Nail spas offer foot massage to accompany pedicures. Nail treatment addresses problems of cracked feet and weak nails. At the same time, pedicure and manicure services enhances the appearance of toes, fingers, and feet.
Eyebrows – eyebrow and lash tinting, eye shaping, and threading are common forms of eye lash service.
Beauty Salons for Hair and Body
Body – relaxation massages and other body muscle relaxing techniques are employed here. Body massages are for muscle and tissue health, mental and psychological revitalization. There are various forms of body massages that aims to relief different body parts, such as head massage, shoulder massage or whole-body massage. Most athletes undergo massage after competition a practice session, and there is a special massage for that. Pain and aches are relieved by this process.
Hair – hair treatment, cutting and trimming is a common service that beauty parlors offer. Professional hairdressers also offer mobile hairdresser service, where they treat you in the comfort of your home. Hair treatment works well to protect hair from breaking, and to help in hair growth. Moreover, it helps fight dandruff by careful use of proven chemicals.
Subsurface drainage systems and surface drain systems help with disposal of rain water from domestic and commercial property. Similar to black water systems, the pipe network can be put in place by plumbers or other building maintenance contractors.
The water used up in a building will collect and drain into main municipal drains. Plumbing waste water pipes from the kitchen, laundry, toilets and bathrooms link up to make a drainage system. This is also known as black water system. There is also grey water system, which this article does not seek to address.
A sloping design of drain pipes enables drainage system to flow naturally by gravity.
In some cases, a domestic or commercial drainage system will end up in localised septic tanks, which require draining once it fills up.
A look at the types of residential drainage systems in South Africa will bring out 4 main classes.
1) 5) Black water system
2) Drainage system for surface water
3) Subsurface drain system
Surface Drain Systems
Shallow canals enable the movement of run-off water at the surfaces. The water will collect into a line separate from sewer water. Typically, surface run off water will deposit into bigger storm water drains for a suburb and eventually join into town storm water systems.
Additionally, walk-ways and driveways also direct surface water to feed into other pipe systems.
Black Water System
Surface drainage prevents the formation of pool areas within a property. Furthermore, flooding can also result from poor or no surface drainage.
As mentioned earlier, black water system is water used up in a building, from toilets, sink and other similar facilities. Plumbers install and maintain drain systems for domestic and commercial use. Water collected will end up in a municipal sewer drain system.
Subsurface Drainage Systems
Water logging is not a good thing for residential or even farm land.
If your area has poor storm water system, heavy rains may result in water logging on your property.
Apart from the frustrations of a wet yard, water logging can weaken your building foundation. This is due to water seeping under the surface.
Solutions for water logging lies in the installation of subsurface drainage systems. In particular, French drain installation is a good solution to water logging.
Other known methods include installing a dry well or a sump pump.
Slope Drainage Systems
Slope drains work for the transfer of water vertically from a higher area to a lower area.
Pipes are installed down a slope and directed to dispose at a convenient location.
The system ensures that water is directed away from a structure. Slope drains work in conjunction with other drain systems, as finally the water has to feed into another system, once it has moved from elevated area. Therefore, downpipes and gutters also form a system of slope drains.
A fridge can last up to 19 years if it is well taken care of. You can avoid service and repair costs if you know how to maintain of your fridge.
A household or even a commercial fridge, is one of the few appliances that works all day long.
In order to reduce or eliminate calling technicians for fridge repairs and service, you need to do simple and regular fridge maintenance.
The good news is, the steps that you need to take of your unit are very simple and do not take much time. Following simple steps and keeping good habits will minimize wear and tear of the refrigerator.
How To Take Care Of Your Fridge In 5 Easy Steps
Keep your refrigerator coils free of dust and debris. If you keep pets, check and remove pet hair around the coils. A stiff brush works well for removal of dirt from coils. Such fridge maintenance activity can be done once or twice in a year.
Check the temperature – taking care of your fridge means the temperature is kept at an ideal. 3-degree Celsius is a good setting, as setting above 5-degree is not safe as it may not prevent bacterial growth. Both the refrigerator and freezer sections of your fridge need to be at an ideal.
For commercial fridges, temperature settings vary according to what is being sold.
For instance, meat will have to comply with requirements for that industry in order to satisfy minimum standards for public health and safety.
Change filters – at the lower back of the refrigerator, you may access the filters behind the grille. In some refrigerators, the filters are inside, at the top right corner. In order to remember fridge service, some home owners typically align fridge service date with other appliance service, such as air conditioner service.
Keeping the refrigerator door closed – your refrigerator will end up working harder to maintain the correct temperatures when the door is open. Therefore, it is important to keep fridge light working so as to warn you if door is open.
Check the fridge for levelness – if the fridge is not level, the doors may not seal properly. This might result in over working the fridge compressor. If your fridge is not level, adjust the foot screws or simply level the floor with appropriate wedges where possible.
Check and Wipe the Gaskets (door rubber) at the door – gaskets ensure that cold air does not escape from the fridge when the door is closed. At the same time, gaskets prevent warmer air from outside the fridge from entering the fridge. If the gasket is worn out or has cracks, consider replacement.
Clean the drain hole – the manual for the fridge will show you how to clean the drain. Ensure the drain hole is free of particles before you scrub and clean it.
Habits That Can Help Prevent Fridge Repairs
A few habits can go a long way to save you from costs related to fridge maintenance and repairs.
Using vinegar-water solution for cleaning will prevent the growth of mildew.
Regular defrosting to prevent built-up of ice
Keeping the contents full will actually help the unit cool better and operate more efficiently
Avoiding putting hot food by allowing it to cool down first will prevent over working the fridge.
If you can, position the unit away from heat elements (stove etc).
However, if you do not manage to maintain your unit, some air conditioning and refrigeration companies can offer affordable rates in Gauteng.