Planning and surveying activities have a common overlap in the overall regional and national development projects.
Areas of interest include transportation systems, rural development and community projects, recreation facilities development and allocation. Other areas are environmental planning and conservation, and urban development.
As planners allocate land for various purposes, they need surveying function to assist and guide the process of subdivisions applications, land ownership and dimensional records as well as the overall topography of a region of interest.
Surveying of land is the beginning of town planning process. The surveyor collets land and surface data in form of sizes and elevations and prepares maps according to the desired purpose. Maps showing the terrain of parcels of land and maps for towns and municipalities are a product of survey activities.
A topographic surveyor is responsible for such surveys that produce maps of terrains, contours, natural and man-made features. An engineering surveyor can also do such surveys and produce similar maps. However, engineering surveyors tend to focus more on the construction phase of the work. On the other hand, a cadastral surveyor will focus more on the demarcation of property and land ownership, as well as the legal aspect of land ownership.
There is also underground services management considerations.
Town Planning and Surveying in Built-Up Areas
The surveyor will revise maps as new developments come in. Additionally, town planners and surveyors work to guide developmental activities to maintain safety in execution. For instance, projects that require massive excavation should consider existing underground utilities. The surveyor guides such an operation to ensure no live services are damaged.
In summary, mapping of resources, grading, drainage and utilities management is a product of surveyor – planner relationship.
Underground utilities determination is a very important aspect of developments in already built-up areas.
Proper town planning calls for an interdisciplinary approach in handling common resources and utilities, and goes further than the surveyor – planner relationship.
Planners need develop systems that require accuracy of land information, a role which surveyors fill in. The surveyor and planner work together in developing three-dimensional modelling and proposals.
Recent developments in technology in laser technology helps surveying and planning processes in terms of spatial project management.